No one is certain as to know the origin of domestic dogs. The DNA studies have indicated that domestication process probably dating back over 1000,000 years.
Human exploited wolves know how to stalk game, chase it and kill it. So process might start with wolf cubs being raised. They could help the camp, track prey and increase the striking power of hunting parties.
As the time passed, and these wolves bred, their offspring would have been grown up in human company, and so gradually lost their fear of people. But this was only beginning of dog’s usefulness, just as their characteristics started to change the appearance of the dog began to alter, too reflecting in part the diverting in size and color was already present in different wolf populations.
As human societies grew more and more complex they started tweaking the dogs through selective breeding. The behavior of the early dogs started to diverge in some significant respects from that of wolves. Over the eons several board categories of working dogs arose, differentiated primarily by the potions of their wolf behavior were accentuated.
Today’s dog breeds developed in different parts of the world, at various times as they were designed to fight, chase, herd, find, guard and howl. Before long of breeding different kinds of dog tasks, the process of refining breeds started.
Now purebred is a group of canine created through controlled breeding to reproduce a set of physical and mental traits useful for work, companionship or the show ring.
The emphasis now is on developing dogs that look attractive and are very friendly by nature, they are categorize as following as per their breed standard.
- Companion dogs
- Gun dogs
- Herding dogs
- Working dogs
- Designer dogs